Physical Enclavement and Livelihoods of Peasants in Menchum Valley, North West Region, Cameroon


  • Adela Azie Aye Department of Geography and Environmental Planning, University of Dschang (Cameroon)
  • Yemmafouo Aristide Department of Geography and Environmental Planning, University of Dschang (Cameroon)



Physical Enclavement, livelihood, peasants, Menchum Valley, North West Region,Cameroon


This work seeks to evaluate, the links between the physical effects of enclavement and the development of the rural sector in Menchum Valley of the North West Region of Cameroon. It postulates the deterrent effect of physical enclavement on the livelihood of the people. Data collected from the field between 2017 and 2019 using the survey method (quantitative and qualitative methods 96 questionnaires administered, 6 focus groups, and 530 sample size), was treated using SPSS and Excel. The findings brought out 3 basic issues which are: enclavement naturally affects the inputs and output in the area, it discourages peasants’ agricultural sales as the main source of livelihood and inaccessibility induced by physical enclavement[1] principally in the rainy season makes movement in and out of the area difficult and renders the people poor due to the fact that there are few buyers and many sellers thus supply greater than demand and prices are low. A total of 80% of the respondents think that the Menchum Falls (nature’s gift to the Valley) can be a very strong force in disenclaving Menchum Valley and improving on their quality of live of the people if a dam to harness electricity is constructed on it.




Antoin Bolakonga, (2012): Influence de l’enclavement sur l’économie rurale en République Démocratique du Congo

Adong Tchoou, (2006): Enclavement of Rural Zones in Sub-Saharan Africa: Bibliographic Research

Benjamin Steck, (2015): Transport Infrastructures and Urban and Territorial Reconstitutions in the Seine Estuary

Cabanne Claude, (1992): Lexique of Human and Economic Geography, Dalloz Paris

Everett Rogers, (1971): Diffusion of innovations, REV. ed of communication of innovations. Second edition.a division of macmillan publishing Co., Inc New York and Collier Macmillan Canada.

Godfred Kanyenze, Timothy Kondo (2011): Beyond the Enclave: Towards a pro-poor and inclusive development Strategy for Zimbambwe.

George Pierre, (1978): Precise Rural Geography PUF Paris

Herve Viellard-Baron, (2005): Between Proximity and Distance: where do we place the field?

Hinchem Yesguer, (2009) : Enclavement des espaces ruraux approche géographique de d’ouverture /fermeture des villages Kabyles

Hossein Shabanali Fami, (2009): An Examination of Challenges Facing Peasant Farming Systems in Iran, Idosi Publication

Jean Debrie, (2011): Enclavement réévaluation théorique et application a l’Afrique de l’Ouest

Paul Starkey, John Hine (2014): Poverty and sustainable transport, how transport affect poor people with policy implications for poverty reduction

Shezad Baloch, (2011): Education Enclave Mastung’s Key education project plagued by delays published in the Express Tribune



How to Cite

Aye, A. A., & Aristide, Y. (2020). Physical Enclavement and Livelihoods of Peasants in Menchum Valley, North West Region, Cameroon. International Journal of Social, Political and Economic Research, 7(3), 762-786.