The Analyses of the Idelogy and History of National Outlook Movement in Turkey


  • Namig MAMMADOV Dr., Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Email: ORCID: 0000-0003-4356-6111



Turkey, N. Erbakan, Natıonal Outlook Movement, National Order Party, National Salvation Party, Welfare Party


This article examines and analyzes the history of the formation and development of the National Outlook Movement in Turkey, its ideology and social base and the main driving forces, as well as the main political parties and their activities. The article also analyzes the historical circumstances that influenced the formation and development of the movement, including the role of the movement's leader, prominent scientist and researcher, professor Najmeddin Erbakan, as well as the reasons for his entry into the political arena and its consequences. The role of N. Erbakan in the political life of Turkey was investigated and tried to be evaluated. It was noted that, the main ideology of the National Outlook parties is a free market economy without interest, the strengthening of production, the establishment of a just society in which basic human rights are protected, and so on.The first openly political Islamist political party in Turkish history was the National Order Party, formed on January 30, 1970. However, the party did not last long and was closed in 1971 by a decision of the Constitutional Court. Instead, party representatives formed the National Salvation Party in October 1972. This party, like all other political parties in Turkey, was closed after the 1980 coup. However, it became a partner of the government for the first time, and one of the most important decisions of this government was send of Turkish forces to Cyprus.With the permission of the National Security Council, the Welfare Party (WP) was formed in 1983 under the leadership of Ahmet Tekdal, representing the same direction. After the lifting of political bans, N. Erbakan was re-elected party leader. The 1990s marked a new stage in the development of the National Outlook movement. The Welfare Party's reputation began to rise. In the 1995 elections, the party won 21 percent of the vote. In 1996, N. Erbakan formed a coalition government with the True Path Party, led by Tansu Chiller. This government resigned as a result of the February 28 process, and the party was dissolved. The members of the party formed the Virtue Party. Disagreements between innovative and conservative groups within the party led to the formation of two political parties, the Justice and Development Party and the Felicity Party, after the party was dissolved in 2001.


Chen YANG & Changgang GUO (2015) “National Outlook Movement” in Turkey: A Study on the Rise and Development of Islamic Political Parties, Journal of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies (in Asia), 9:3, 1-28, DOI: 10.1080/19370679.2015.12023269 // [27.06.2020]

Çaha Ö., Baykal Ö. (2017). Milli Görüş Hareketinin Kuruluşu: Türk Siyasetinde Milli Nizam Partisi Deneyimi // Gazi Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi 19/3 788-806. [erişim tarihi: 13.07.2020]

Engin R. T. (2019) Türk Siyasi Hayatında Milli Görüş Hareketi; Temel Esasları ve Söylevleri. YLT. İstanbul, 134 s. // [erişim tarihi: 12/07/2020]

Erbakan Hocamızın İzmit Konferansı: İslamsız Saadet Mümkün Değildir (2010) // [erişim tarihi: 27.06.2020]

Erbakan N. Adil Ekonomik Düzen.Pdf (106 s.) [erişim tarihi: 26/06/2020]

Milli Kahraman Erbakan'in Hikayesi, 27.02.2015 // [erişim tarihi: 27.06.2020]

Milli Nizam Partisi. Program ve Tüzük. (1970) Ankara. AS matbaası. 65 s. [erişim tarihi: 14/07/2020]

Milli Selamet Partisi. Program ve Tüzük. (1972) Ankara. Elif Matbaacılık. 36 s. [erişim tarihi: 14/07/ 2020]

Necmettin Erbakan kimdir?// [erişim tarihi: 20/06/2020]

Rabasa A.,Larrabee F.S.(2008) The Rise of Political Islam in Turkey. RAND National Defense Research Institute 135 s. // [erişim tarihi: 20/06/2020]

Rakamlarla 28 Şubat Raporu (2014) Ankara, Eğitim-Bir-Sen, 52 s. [erişim tarihi: 18/06/2020]

Selçuk E. K. Evolution of Political Islam: From the Welfare Party to the Virtue Party // Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi İletişim Araştırmaları Dergisi. Yıl:1 Sayı:2. s.19-31. [erişim tarihi: 13/07/2020]

1973 Genel Seçim Sonuçları // [erişim tarihi: 14/07/2020]

1995 Genel Seçim Sonuçları // [erişim tarihi: 14/07/2020]

1999 Genel Seçim Sonuçları // [erişim tarihi: 14/07/2020]

28 Şubat: Bir Post Modern Darbe İncelemesi // [erişim tarihi: 10/06/2018]



How to Cite

MAMMADOV, N. (2020). The Analyses of the Idelogy and History of National Outlook Movement in Turkey. International Journal of Social, Political and Economic Research, 7(4), 1110-1120.