Chechen Refugees: A Forgotten History of Caucasus; Who Remembers & Who Cares?

Authors

  • Ahsan Habib Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology & Anthropology, Green University of Bangladesh. ahabib@soc.green.edu.bd
  • Sabbir Hasan Lecturer, Department of General Educational Development, Daffodil International University. sabbir.ged@diu.edu.bd

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/IJOSPERvol8iss1pp216-225

Keywords:

Chechens, Refugee, History, Caucasus

Abstract

Refugees; a term of fears, tensions, worries, crisis, fairy tales, stereotypes, and lots of fearful things. But if we observe the background history of refugees, a rich and wealthy history drifted in front of us. Chechen refugees are one of them. Right now, Chechnya is Russian federal territory and located in the eastern part of northern Caucasus region. If there would be a statistic of deportation from the homeland; Chechnya might be got the first rank over the world. They have exiled several times and replaced again and again exiled. This study will analyse Chechen refugees’ situation from a historical background to the present time with references. After a momentary description this study focuses on Chechens failed state formation process followed by the recent scattered situation of Chechens in different countries and finally discusses a recommendation on them. 

References

Alexe, D. (2018, February 02). Putin names air force regiment ‘Tallinn’ in snub to NATO. Retrieved from New Europe: https://www.neweurope.eu/article/putin-names-airforce-regiment-tallinn-in-snub-nato/

Aurélie, C. (2007, November 05). The Massive Deportation of the Chechen People: How and why Chechens were Deported. Retrieved April 01, 2018, from Sciencespo: http://www.sciencespo.fr/mass-violence-war-massacre-resistance/en/document/massive-deportation-chechen-people-how-and-why-chechens-were-deported

BBC. (2016, December 13). Have Russian hitmen been killing with impunity in Turkey? Retrieved from BBC News: https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-38294204

BelferCenter. (2002, September 02). Chechens in the Middle East: Between Original and Host Cultures. Retrieved from BelferCenter: https://www.belfercenter.org/index.php/publication/chechens-middle-east-between-original-and-host-cultures

Bodner, M. (2015, June 18). Kadyrov: Elders Say Chechnya Has as Much Oil as Saudi Arabia. Retrieved April 01, 2018, from The Moscow Times: https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2015/06/18/kadyrov-elders-say-chechnya-has-as-much-oil-as-saudi-arabia-a47493

Bridge, A. (1996, April 27). Estonia holds on to Dudayev legend. Retrieved from Independent: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/estonia-holds-on-to-dudayev-legend-1306954.html

Dunlop, J. B. (1998). Russia Confronts Chechnya: Roots of a Separatist Conflict. London: Cambridge University Press.

DW. (2016, August 31). Poland slams door on Chechnyan refugees. Retrieved from DW: https://www.dw.com/en/poland-slams-door-on-chechnyan-refugees/a-19516827

EuroMaidanPress. (2017, June 21). Russia assassinated at least 13 Chechens abroad before victim returned fire in Kyiv. Retrieved from EuroMaidanPress: http://euromaidanpress.com/2017/06/21/russia-assassinated-at-least-14-chechens-abroad-before-it-failed-on-osmayev/

Harper, T., & Das, S. (2019, March 10). UK denies entry to Russian ‘plotting assassination’. Retrieved from The Sunday Times: https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/uk-denies-entry-to-russian-plotting-assassination-n502j0hnx

Hunter, S. (2004). Islam in Russia: The Politics of Identity and Security. Abingdon, United Kingdom: Routledge.

Jaimoukha, A. (2005). The Chechens A Handbook. oxon: RoutledgeCurzon.

Nikuradze, M. (2014). Chechen refugees trying to find their place in Georgian society. Tiblisi: Democracy & Freedom Watch.

Orazgaliyev, S. (2017). Competition for pipeline export routes in the Caspian region: The new Great Game or the new Silk Road? CAMBRIDGE JOURNAL OF EURASIAN STUDIES, 20-23.

RefWorld. (2013). Continuing Human Rights Abuses Force Chechens to Flee to Europe. United States : Jamestown Foundation. Retrieved from https://www.refworld.org/country,,,,AUT,,5139cf902,0.html

RefWorld. (2015, November 06). Assassinations of Rebel-Connected Chechens Continue in Turkey. Retrieved from RefWorld: https://www.refworld.org/docid/5641b03d4.html

ReliefWeb. (2002). No solution for Chechen refugees in Kazakhstan. New York City: ReliefWeb.

Rudak, O. (2018, April 12). Forgotten refugees on the Eastern border of the EU. Retrieved from The Perspective: http://www.theperspective.se/?p=3999

Saieva, A. (2009, May 12). Deportations and Genocides of Chechen Nation. Retrieved April 02, 2018, from Waynakh: http://www.waynakh.com/eng/2009/05/deportations-and-genocides-of-chechen-nation-by-aminat-saieva/

SHNIRELMAN, V. A. (2006). A Revolt of Social Memory: The Chechens and Ingush against the Soviet Historians.(I.Osamu,U.Tomohiko,&(Eds),Eds.) Slavic Eurasian Studies, 10, 273-302. Retrieved from

http://src-h.slav.hokudai.ac.jp/coe21/publish/no10_ses/contents.html

Tan, V. (2006, August 16). Helping Chechens back on their feet in Kazakhstan. Retrieved from UNHCR: https://www.unhcr.org/news/latest/2006/8/44e311ce2/helping-chechens-feet-kazakhstan.html

The Independent. (2003, June 24). Bombs and death squads in Russia's 'forgotten' war. Retrieved from The Independent: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/bombs-and-death-squads-in-russias-forgotten-war-110127.html

TheEconomist. (2010, January 28). Beyond the Kremlin's reach. Retrieved April 02, 2018, from The Economist: https://www.economist.com/node/15407883/comments?page=2

TheTelegraph. (2001, January 01). 1944-1957: Deportation and exile. Retrieved April 03, 2018, from TheTelegraph: https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/1399561/1944-1957-Deportation-and-exile.html

UNHCR. (2004). Minorities at Risk Project; Chronology for Chechens in Russia. Retrieved from Ref World: https://www.refworld.org/docid/469f38d12.html

Published

2021-04-10

How to Cite

Habib, A., & Hasan, S. (2021). Chechen Refugees: A Forgotten History of Caucasus; Who Remembers & Who Cares?. International Journal of Social, Political and Economic Research, 8(1), 216-225. https://doi.org/10.46291/IJOSPERvol8iss1pp216-225

Issue

Section

Articles