A Transnational Approach to Salman Rushdie's "Midnight's Children"

Authors

  • Halit Alkan Dr.; Mardin Artuklu University, Faculty of Letters, Department of English Language and Literature, alkan.halit@yahoo.com https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7170-6196

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/IJOSPERvol7iss3pp601-607

Keywords:

Transnationalism, Otherness, Salman Rushdie, “Midnight’s Children”.

Abstract

Colonialism and post-colonialism have led to the development of transnationalism that is the interconnectivity between people and the economic and social significance of boundaries among nation states. When transnational approach is applied to Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children (1981), it allows researchers to analyse how transnationalism impacts on gender, class, culture and race both in host and home countries. The traditional cultural heritage of India and British imperialism’s impact on Indian society are told through dual identities of the narrator Saleem Sinai who has double parents. Saleem’s grandfather, Aadam Aziz, a Western-trained physician, scorns his wife Naseem who could not notice the difference between mercurochrome and blood stains. As a traditional Indian wife Naseem’s response to the immoral sexual desires of her husband who has adopted the Western culture is a reaction to British cultural environment in India. Saleem’s mother Amina’s cultural conflict caused by colonialism is emphasized because she has to carry on her traditional culture-specific daily habits in her new house bought from a colonialist without changing the order established by Methwold. Despite gaining their independence, Indians cannot get rid of the impact of British colonialism. In terms of transnationalism, Indians are considered as undeveloped, ignorant and wild by British.

References

Alkan, Halit (2020). “Gender, Class, Culture and Race in Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children”. 8th International Conference on Culture and Civilization (22 August 2020, Trabzon, Turkey). Online Availabe: https://www.europenjournal.com/ (23 August, 2020)

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Hall, Catherine. (Ed.) (2000). “Introduction: thinking the postcolonial, thinking the empire.” Cultures of Empire: Colonizers in Britain and the empire in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: A Reader. Manchester: Manchester University Press. 1-33.

Lee, H. and Francis, S. T. (Ed.) (2009). Migration and Transnationalism: Pacific Perspective. Australia: The Australian National University ANU E Press.

Levitt, P. and Jaworsky, B. N. (2007). “Transnational Migration Studies: Past Developments and Future Trends”. Annual Review of Sociology, 33, 129–56.

Rushdie, S. (1995). Midnight’s Children. London: Vintage.

Said, E. (1979). Orientalism. London: Vintage.

SparkNotes Editors (2020). Midnight’s Children. Online Available: https://www.sparknotes.com/lit/midnightschildren/context/ (24 August, 2020)

Published

2020-09-03

How to Cite

Alkan, H. (2020). A Transnational Approach to Salman Rushdie’s "Midnight’s Children". International Journal of Social, Political and Economic Research, 7(3), 601-607. https://doi.org/10.46291/IJOSPERvol7iss3pp601-607

Issue

Section

Articles