Transhumant Pastoralism and Farmer-Grazier Conflicts in the Ndop Plain, North West Region, Cameroon


Abstract views: 203 / PDF downloads: 158

Authors

  • Umaru Hassan Buba Department of Geography, Environment and Planning, University of Dschang, Cameroon

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/IJOSPERvol9iss02pp71-82

Keywords:

Rainfall variability, transhumant pastoralism, Farmer/herder, conflicts, Ndop Plain

Abstract

This study examines the impacts of rainfall variability on transhumant pastoralist activities and farmer/herder conflicts in the Ndop plain. Using a mixed methods approach, inter-annual rainfall fluctuations, coefficient of variations (CV) were used to establish variability while the rainfall Seasonality was used to identify seasonal contrast. 150 questionnaires were administered to purposively selectednative crop farmers and Mbororo Fulani herders.. The annual rainfall variability is shown by a coefficient of variation of 18.11%, decreasing trend, and a high inter-annual variability around the mean of 1802.95mm. The impacts include; drying up of pasture lands and a fall in the quality of pasture 100%(150), shrinking of river courses and water shortages 84% (126), Outbreak of diseases and pests 88.6%(133), and fluctuations in the transhumant calendar 67.3%(101). The result has been conflicts due to competition over constrained resources and stray animals that destroy crops during transhumance. The stakeholders in this sector need to include climate change communication in this domain and improve rangeland management policies to reflect the state of environmental degradation.

References

Brottem L, Turner M, Butt B and Singh A,(2014). BiophysicalVariability and PastoralRights to Resources: West African Transhumance Revisite. Hum Ecol DOI 10.1007/s10745-014-9640-1

Kima A, Okhimamhe A, Kiema, A, Zampaligre N, Sule I.,(2015). Adapting to the impacts of climate change in the sub-humid zone of Burkina Faso, West Africa: Perceptions of agro pastoralists. Pastoralism 5, 16 (2015) doi:10.1186/s13570-015-0034-9

Kometa S and Mua K,(2017). Constraints to Agricultural Advancementwithin the Ndop Plain North West Region, Cameroon. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, ISSN 2225-093X Vol.7, No.20.

Kovach R and McGuire B,(2004). Guide to Global Hazards. Firely Books, USA.

Lucha C and Chuyong G,(2016). Ethnobotanical Survey of Fodder/Forage Plant Species in Range and FarmingSystems in the Savannahs of Ngoketunjia, Northwestern Cameroon, nternational Journal of CurrentResearch in Biosciences and Plant Biology, ISSN: 2349-8080, Volume 3.

Mbih R, Driever S, Ndzeidze S, Mbuh M, Carine S. Bongadzem C and Wirngo H ;(2017). Fulanipastoralists’ transformation process: A sustainabledevelopmentapproach in the Western Highlands of Cameroon, DOI 10.1007/s10668-017-9910-3.

Mbih R, Ndzeidze S, Driever L &Bamboye G., (2014).The Bamendjin Dam and Its Implications in the Upper Noun Valley, North west Cameroon. Journal of Sustainable Development; Vol. 7, No. 6; 2014.

McKee B, Doesken J, Kliest J., (1993). The relationship of drought frequency and duration totime scales, In Proceedings of the 8th Conference of Applied Climatology, 17-22 January, Anaheim, CA. American Meterological Society, Boston, MA. 179-184

Ndzeidze S, MbihR.andBamboye G, (2016). Using Remote Sensing to Detect Change in the Ndop Floodplain W etlands of Cameroon, International Journal of Remote SensingApplications (IJRSA) Volume 6, 2016doi: 10.14355/ijrsa.2016.06.015.

Nkiene V. A, Nkwemoh C and Tchawa P.,(2016) :The vulnerability of swamp rice production to the observed effects of rainfall and temperature variability in Ndop sub-division, Cameroon. Canadian Journal of Tropical Geography, available on line at http://laurentian.ca/cjtg, accessed on the 2nd of June 2017.

Ngwa .C., (2003) .Development authorities as agents of socio-economic change: A historical assessment of the upper nun valley development authority (unvda) in the ndop region of Cameroon, 1970–1995, Nordic Journal of African Studies 12(2): 220–237 .

Ngalim A,(2015). CattleRearingSystems in the North West Region of Cameroon: Historical Trends on Changing Techniques and Strategies. Journal of Educational Policy and Entrepreneurial Research (JEPER), ISSN: 2408-6231, Vol. 2.

Nieuwolt S,(1989). Estimating the agricultural risks of tropical rainfall. https://doi.org/10.1016/0168-1923(89)90047-6

Olaotswe K and Nnyaladzi B, (2014). Livestock population dynamics and pastoral communities’ adaptation to rainfallvariability in communal lands of Kgalagadi South, Botswana. Pastoralism 4, 19 (2014) doi:10.1186/s13570-014-0019-0.

Ogutu O, Piepho P, Dublin T, Bhola N and Reid S,(2008). Rainfall influences on ungulate population abundance in the Mara‐Serengetiecosystem, Journal of Animal Ecology1365-2656.2008.01392

Oba G,( 2001). The effect of multiple droughts on cattle in Obbu, Northern Kenya. Journal of AridEnvironments 49:375 386.

Salvatore P, Valerio L, Xue F, Amilcare P and Shabeh H ;(2014). Analysis of rainfallseasonalityfrom observations and climatemodels. Climate Dynamics. Accessed online on the 27th of november 2019 athttps://arxiv.org/pdf/1402.3967

Sithole, A., &Murewi, C. (2009). Climatevariability and change over southernAfrica: impacts and challenges.

Sushuu (2005).Evaluating socio-ecological challenges of pastoralism and indigenous peoples’ tenure systems on wetlands management in the Upper Noun Drainage Basin in Cameroon.

Tata E, Kometa S, Amawa S ;(2012). The Implications of RainfallVariability on Cattle and Milk Production in JakiriSub-Division, North West Region, Cameroon, Journal of Agricultural Science; Vol. 4, No. 10.ISSN 1916-9752.

Tume J,(2019). StandardisedPrecipitationValuation of Water ResourcesVulnerability to ClimateVariability on the BuiPlateau, Northwest Cameroon. Environment and EcologyResearch 7(2): 83-92, 2019 http://www.hrpub.org DOI: 10.13189/eer.2019.070202

Walsh D and LawlerM., (1981). Rainfall seasonality: Description, spatial patterns and change through time scale.

Westoby M, WalkerB, and Noy-Meir I ; (1989). Opportunistic management for rangeland a equilibrium . Journal of Range Management 42:266-274

WISP,(2010)(World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism). Building climate change resilience for Africanlivestock in sub-SaharanAfrica. World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP): a program of IUCN – The International Union for Conservation of Nature, Eastern and SouthernAfricaRegional Office, Nairobi.

Downloads

Published

2022-11-20

How to Cite

Buba , U. H. . (2022). Transhumant Pastoralism and Farmer-Grazier Conflicts in the Ndop Plain, North West Region, Cameroon. International Journal of Social, Political and Economic Research, 9(02), 71–82. https://doi.org/10.46291/IJOSPERvol9iss02pp71-82

Issue

Section

Articles