• DR. MD. SULTAN MAHMUD Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Rajshahi University, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh.



Legislature, Good Governance, Effectiveness and Eighth Parliament.


The research focus on how the legislature functions as a representative organ with its oversight mechanisms exercised upon the executive during 2001-2006 in Bangladesh. The study finds that 185 bills were passed among which 78% of the total bills were enacted without proper scrutiny in the eighth parliament. This study has illustrated that 166 of the total bills were passed escaping the committee stage. It is also found that the eighth parliament made no fruitful effort of establishing parliamentary norms, culture and legislative compromise. The conflict of opinion between the treasury and opposition bench made it impossible to turn the ground into an effective institution to bridge their gap and to settle policy differences on crucial national issues by debate, discussion and negotiations.  The research shows that the constant walkout and boycott of the parliamentary opposition helped the ruling bench to exert discretion. It is located that the opposition boycotted 223 out of the 373 working days. That means 60% working days of the 8th parliament were totally boycotted by the parliament.  Finally, the research explores some dysfunctionalities and ineffectiveness of the 8th parliament which are the barriers of good governance in Bangladesh.


Ahmed, M. (2012) Bangladesh: A Study of Democratic Regimes. Dhaka, UPL Publication.

Ahmed, N. (2012) Aiding the Parliament of Bangladesh: Experience and Prospect, Dhaka, The University Press Limited, 2012.

Ahmed, N. and Obaidullah, A. T. M. (ed.). (2007) The Working of Parliamentary Committees in Westminster Systems: Lessons for Bangladesh. Dhaka, The University Press Limited.

Ahmed, N. (2012) Aiding the Parliament of Bangladesh: Experience and Prospect. Dhaka, The University Press Limited.

Alam, M. A. and Hasina, N. (2014) “Constitutional Voice for Good Governance in Bangladesh”, Global Disclosure of Economics and Business, Volume 3, No 3, ISSN 2305-9168(p); 2307-9592(e).

Beetham, D. (2006) Parliament and Democracy in the Twenty-first Century: A Guide to Good Practice, Geneva: Inter‐Parliamentary Union (IPU).

Bevir, Mark (2013). Governance: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford, UK, Oxford University Press.

Bilney, G., 1994. Good Governance and Participatory Development in Australia Aid Program, in Development Bulletin, Vol-32.

Firoz, J. (2013) “Forty Years of Bangladesh Parliament: Trends, Achievements and Challenges”, Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh (Hum.), Vol. 58(1), pp. 83-128.

Hakim, M. A., 2002. Parliamentary Politics in Bangladesh in the 1990s: Consensus and Conflict cited in M.H. Chowdhury (Ed.). Thirty Years of Bangladesh Politics. Dhaka, UPL.

Halim, M. A. (2012) Constitution, Constitutional Law and Politics: Bangladesh Perspective, Dhaka, CCB Foundation.

Haq, A. F. (2014) Bangladesher Rajnaitik Sangskriti, Dhaka, Maola Brothres.

Hasanuzzaman, A. M. (2009) Parliamentary Democracy, Politics and Governance in Bangladesh 1991-2007, Dhaka, The University Press Limited.

Hussain, S. M. (2007). Democracy in Bangladesh 1991‐2006: An Analysis of Institutional Mechanisms and Roles. Dhaka, Meem Printers.

Hussain, S. M. (2012) Democracy in Bangladesh 2001-2006: Analysis of Institution Mechanisms and Roles, Dhaka, Meem Printers.

Hye, Hasnat Abdul (ed.) 2002, Governance: South Asian Perspectives. Dhaka,

Islam, M. N. (2003) Consolidating Asian Democracy, Dhaka, Nipun Printing Industries Ltd.

Islam. M. A. (2005) “The Political Institutions and Governance in Bangladesh: Changes and Continuity”. BIISS Journal, Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 581-611.

Jahan, R. (1976) “Members of Parliament in Bangladesh”, Legislative Studies Quarterly, Vol. 1, No. 3 (Aug.), pp. 355-370. Published by: Washington University.

Jahan, R. (2005) Bangladesh Politics: Problems and Issues, Dhaka, The University Press Limited.

Jahan, R. (2005) Bangladesh Politics: Problems and Issues, Dhaka: The University Press Limited.

Jahan, R. (2015) Political Parties in Bangladesh: Challenges of Democratization. Dhaka, Prothoma Prokshan.

Jahan, R. and Amundsen, I. (2012) “The Parliament of Bangladesh -Representation and Accountability”, CPD and CMI Working Paper 2, April, 2012, ISSN - 2225‐8175 (Online) ISSN 2225‐8035 (Print).

Johnson, I. (1997) Redefining the Concept of Governance. Toronto, Canadian International Development Agency.

Khan, S. I., Islam, S. A. and Haque, M. I. (2008) Political Culture, Political Parties and the Democratic Transition in Bangladesh, Dhaka, The University Press Limited.

Ministry of Law (2006) Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, the Peoples’ Republic of Bangladesh , October.

The Daily Ittefaq (2002) 18 August.

The Daily Jugantor (2004) 19 November.

The Daily Jugantor (2006) October 4.

TIB, (2011) (Transparency International Bangladesh), Reports on Eighth Parliament.

Tocqueville, A. D. (2000) Democracy in America, Chicago, University of Chicago Press.

UNDP, (1997) accessed on 12.10.2017



How to Cite

DR. MD. SULTAN MAHMUD. (2019). AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF LEGISLATURE IN BANGLADESH (2001-2006): A QUEST FOR GOOD GOVERNANCE. International Journal of Social, Political and Economic Research, 6(1), 1-22.