Begum Rokeya to Arundhati Roy: An Intangible Dream of Woman Emancipation

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  • Adil Ilahi Lecturer, Department of English, Cox’s Bazar International University, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh



Begum Rokeya, Arundhati Roy, Women Emancipation, Patriarchy, Gender Bias


Both Begum Rokeya's earlier and Arundhati Roy's more recent voices have advocated for women's freedom in essentially the same ways. Although critics have examined how they raise their voices against women’s exploitation, the current situation of women’s suffering when comparing Rokeya and Arundhati’s dreams is not shown. In order to demonstrate a gap in their research, the study compared the conditions of women in Rokeya's literature with the state of current society by discussing Arundhati's works. This essay is written using Begum Rokeya's Sultana's Dream and Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things as primary sources. My attempt in this paper is to demonstrate how Begum Rokeya's vision of women's independence is still a dream by referring to relevant scholarly articles and interpreting the works of Arundhati Roy.


Elahi, E. B. (2017). Begum Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain and Her Vision of Women’s Liberation in Sultana’s Dream. International Conference on Language, Literature, Culture and Education (pp. 95-105). Dhaka: University of South Asia.

Ghosh, T. K. (1999). Tomorrow Will Never Die: Arundhati Roy’s Tryst with History in The God of Small Things. Prestige Books, 183-93.

Hariharasudan, A., Gnanamony, S. R. (2017). Feministic Analysis of Arundhati Roy’s Postmodern Indian Fiction: The God of Small Things. Global Journal of Business and Social Science Review, 159-164.

Mahmud, R. (2016). Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain: Tireless Fighter of Female Education and their Independence- A Textual Analysis. International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature, 40-48.

Mardiyani, R., & Tawami, T. (2022). Gender Inequality And Feminism In Arundhati Roy’s The

God Of Small Things. MAHADAYA Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya, 2(2), 165-174.

Outka, E. (2011). Trauma and Temporal Hybridity in Arundhati Roy's The God of Small Things. English Faculty Publications, 55.

Rokeya, B. (2005). Sultana's Dream. India: Penguin Books.

Roy, A. (1997). The God of Small Things.Random House.

Sheba, E. J. (2021). The Trauma of Being a Woman: Oppression of Women in Arundhati Roy’s The God of Small Things. The Creative Launcher, 159-166.




How to Cite

Ilahi, A. (2024). Begum Rokeya to Arundhati Roy: An Intangible Dream of Woman Emancipation. International Journal of Social, Political and Economic Research, 11(1), 17–30.