Thomas Hobbes Philosophy: The Modern Leviathan


Abstract views: 26 / PDF downloads: 12

Authors

  • Yunus Emre Aydemir Master Student, Department of English Literature, Dumlupinar University, Kutahya, Turkey yeaydemir@gmail.com
  • Derya Emir Assist. Prof., Department of English Translation and Interpreting, Dumlupinar University, Kutahya, Turkey Orcid No: 0000-0003-3787-6164 derya.emir@dpu.edu.tr

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.12587938

Keywords:

Hobbes, Leviathan, Commenwealth, The State of Nature

Abstract

While defining Thomas Hobbes and his philosophy, it would be useful to know his background history, as well as his lifetime experiences. The English Civil Wars between the years 1642-1651 have a fundamental place in shaping the mindset of Hobbes. His philosophical perspectives revolve around the concept of fear produced by the destructive atmosphere of the civil wars. Hobbes’s reaction to these unwholesome circumstances for human life is his peremptory defence of authority while evaluating individualism and freedom as harmful concepts for society. Instead of democracy and equality, Hobbes proposes what he calls the Leviathan, whose governmental force is constructed upon fear and inequality by the contractual wills of the subjects giving Leviathan an endless ultimate authority. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the application of the Hobbesian philosophy into the modern world and the transformation from his theoretical state of nature to the ideal Commenwealth.

References

Bain, W. (2020). Political Theology of International Order. Oxford University Press.

Blits, J. H. (1990). Hobbesian Dualism: Hobbes’s Theory of Motion. The Southern Journal of Philosophy, 28(2), 135–147. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-6962.1990.tb00538.x

Bobbio, Norberto. 1993. Thomas Hobbes and the Natural Law Tradition. The University of Chicago of Press.

Burtt. (1925). The Metaphysical Modern Foundations Physical Science. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., Ltd.

Charvet. (1981). A Critique of Freedom and Equality. Cambridge University Press.

Gaskin, J. C. A. (1996). Introduction. In Leviathan (pp. xi–xliii). Oxford University Press.

Glass, James M. 1980. “Hobbes and Narcissism: Pathology in the State of Nature.” Political Theory 8(3):335–63.

Gunnell, J. G. (1968). Political Philosophy and Time. Wesleyan University Press.

Hobbes, T. (1996). Leviathan. Oxford University Press.

Holmes, S. (1990). Political Psychology in Hobbes’s Behemoth. In M. E. Dietz (Ed.), Thomas Hobbes and Political Theory (pp. 120–152). University Press of Kansas.

Johnston, D. (1990). Plato, Hobbes, and the Science of Practical Reasoning. In M. G. Dietz (Ed.), Thomas Hobbes and Political Theory (pp. 37–54). University Press of Kansas.

Jones, B. (2018). The natural kingdom of God in Hobbes’s political thought. History of European Ideas, 45(3), 1–30. https://doi.org/10.1080/01916599.2018.1548810

Koselleck, R. (1893). Futures past : On the Semantics of Historical Time. (K. Tribe, Trans.). Columbia University Press.

Mitchell, Joshua. 1993. “Hobbes and the Equality of All under the One.” Political Theory 21(2):78–100.

Pitkin, H. (1964). Hobbes’s Concept of Representation--I. The American Political Science Review, 58(2), 328–340. https://doi.org/10.2307/1952865

Rutherford, Donald. 2003. “In Pursuit of Happiness: Hobbes’s New Science of Ethics.” Philosophical Topics 31(1/2):369–93.

Sarasohn, Lisa T. 1989. “Motion and Morality: Pierre Gassendi, Thomas Hobbes and the Mechanical World-View.” Journal of the History of Ideas 46(3):363–79.

Schochet, G. J. (1990). Intending (Political) Obligation: Hobbes and the Voluntary Basis of Society. In M. G. Dietz (Ed.), Thomas Hobbes and Political Theory (pp. 55–73). University Press of Kansas.

Sokoloff, W. (2001). Politics and Anxiety in Thomas Hobbes’s Leviathan. Theory & Event, 5(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1353/tae.2001.0007

Spragens, T. A. (1973). The Politics of Motion The World of Thomas. University Press of Kentucky

Wildermuth, M. E. (1997). Hobbes, Aristotle, and the Materialist Rhetor. Rhetoric Society Quarterly, 27(1), 69–80.

Wolin, S. S. (2016). Politics and Vision. Princeton University Press.

Downloads

Published

2024-06-14

How to Cite

Aydemir, Y. E., & Derya Emir. (2024). Thomas Hobbes Philosophy: The Modern Leviathan. International Journal of Social, Political and Economic Research, 11(2), 89–96. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.12587938

Issue

Section

Articles