Thomas Hobbes Philosophy: The Modern Leviathan

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  • Yunus Emre Aydemir Master Student, Department of English Literature, Dumlupinar University, Kutahya, Turkey
  • Derya Emir Assist. Prof., Department of English Translation and Interpreting, Dumlupinar University, Kutahya, Turkey Orcid No: 0000-0003-3787-6164



Hobbes, Leviathan, Commenwealth, The State of Nature


While defining Thomas Hobbes and his philosophy, it would be useful to know his background history, as well as his lifetime experiences. The English Civil Wars between the years 1642-1651 have a fundamental place in shaping the mindset of Hobbes. His philosophical perspectives revolve around the concept of fear produced by the destructive atmosphere of the civil wars. Hobbes’s reaction to these unwholesome circumstances for human life is his peremptory defence of authority while evaluating individualism and freedom as harmful concepts for society. Instead of democracy and equality, Hobbes proposes what he calls the Leviathan, whose governmental force is constructed upon fear and inequality by the contractual wills of the subjects giving Leviathan an endless ultimate authority. The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the application of the Hobbesian philosophy into the modern world and the transformation from his theoretical state of nature to the ideal Commenwealth.


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How to Cite

Aydemir, Y. E., & Derya Emir. (2024). Thomas Hobbes Philosophy: The Modern Leviathan. International Journal of Social, Political and Economic Research, 11(2), 89–96.