Adverse Economic Impact by Rohingya Refugees on Bangladesh: Some Way Forwards


Abstract views: 2636 / PDF downloads: 1506

Authors

  • Syed Magfur Ahmad Post-graduate researcher, Istanbul University, Institute of social science, Department of Islamic Economics and Finance, Istanbul, Turkey.
  • Nasruzzaman Naeem Post-graduate student at International Finance, Finance Institute, Istanbul Ticaret University, Istanbul, Turkey.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46291/IJOSPERvol7iss1pp1-14

Keywords:

Economic Crisis, Rohingya Refugees, Critical Economic Issues and Challenges, Regional Politics, Bangladesh.

Abstract

This paper aims to analyse the adverse effects of the Rohingya influx on the economy of Bangladesh in recent years. Since the independence of Bangladesh, it has been gone through many ups and downs in the country's economic movement. The per capita income of the country has exceeded about two thousand US dollars. All the development indicators are upward in GDP. Rohingya people in Rakhine state, Myanmar have been facing decades of planned discrimination, statelessness, and targeted violence. For many years this kind of torture over the innocent Rohingya women, girls, boys and men has forced them to the influx to Bangladesh. The rapid spread of the Rohingya crisis also has been surprising for last three years to the Bangladesh government. From social to economic, economic to politics Rohingya refugees have impacts into the country. This research paper follows the empirical and narrative oriented research design in relation to find out the negative economic impact of the Rohingya influx to Bangladesh. One of the principal aims of the findings of this paper is to draw the attention of the policymakers and other concerns about the deleterious effects of the influx both in the future and present conditions. First and foremost, the negative impact of the Rohingya influx to Bangladesh on the economy is the increased cost of living and regional employment crisis. Moreover, a huge fall of the daily wage amount can be noticed. Furthermore, the country is facing a noticeable loss in the tourism sector and government expenditure on the health and security sector has risen since 2017. Hence, the government of Bangladesh should take necessary steps for the effective repatriation process without any delay to mitigate the financial cost burden.

 

References

Alam. M. (2018, February 12). How the Rohingya crisis is affecting Bangladesh — and why it matters. The Washington post editorial review.

Alina, T. (2017, December 5). “Human Trafficking in Rohingya Refugee Camps” in Modern Diplomacy. Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Bangladesh Bank. (2018). Monthly Economic Trends: June 2018. Retrieved from: https://www.bb.org. bd/pub/monthly/econtrds/jun18/econtrds. Hp (Accessed: 2 January 2020).

Crabtree, K. (2010). Economic Challenges and Coping Mechanisms in Protracted Displacement: A Case Study of the Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh, Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 5,1, pp. 41-58.

HAQUE, E. (2018). Socio-Political Impacts Of Rohingya Refugees On Bangladesh. Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Migration Policy Center.

Human Rights watch (HRW). https://www.hrw.org/reports/2000/burma/burm005-01.htm (Accessed on 02 January 2020)

Islam, M, A and Ahmed, S, U. (2017, September 11). Rohingya crisis what will be the impact on economy of Bangladesh. The bd Pratidin editorial review, p. 6

Ibrahim, A. (2016). "The Rohingyas: Inside Myanmar's Genocide". Oxford University Press, 21. 97

Karim, N. (2019, August 23). Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh warned to be wary with human trafficking rising. Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Karim, S. (2017, October 8). The Rohingya Crisis: The Economy Under Pressure of Bangladesh. The daily Inqilab editorial review, p. 9

Khan, A, M. (2017). Addressing the challenges of Rohingya refugees: Repatriation issues, Green University Review of Social Sciences, 3, 2.

Khan, S, A. (2017, September 16). How much socio-economic transformation will the Rohingya make in Bangladesh? The Jugantor review, p. 6

Khatun, F., & Kamruzzaman, M. (2018), Fiscal Implications of Rohingya Crisis for Bangladesh, Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD Working Paper 120), p.4

Lintner, B. (2017, September 27). ‘The world will soon have a new terror hub in Myanmar if the Rohingya crisis isn’t tackled well’. Quartz India. p. 6

Myat, L. (2018). The Rohingya refugee crisis: Social, economic and environmental implication for the local community in Bangladesh. College of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, Published in the Austrilia, Flinders University.

Mitra, D. (2017, September 10). ‘Public anger brews in Bangladesh over India’s stance on Rohingya crisis.’ The Wire,

Parnini, S. (2013). The Crisis of the Rohingya as a Muslim Minority in Myanmar and Bilateral Relations with Bangladesh, Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs, 33, 2

Rahim, S. (2017, October 10). Where is the danger in Bangladesh's economy? The Prothom alo, p. 8

Rahman, S. (2017, December 7). Rohingyas in Bangladesh with a new economic dilemma. The DW News portal, p. 3

Rahman, U. (2010). ‘The Rohingya Refugee: A Security Dilemma for Bangladesh’. Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies, 8:2, p-230.

Ullah, A. (2011). ‘Rohingya Refugees to Bangladesh: Historical Exclusions and Contemporary Marginalisation’. Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, 9: 2, pp. 154- 161

World Bank. (2018, June 28). World Bank announces support for Bangladesh to help Rohingya. Retrieved from: http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/press-release/2018/06/28/world-bankannounces-support-for-bangladesh-to-help-rohingya (Accessed: 02 January 2020).

Downloads

Published

2020-04-04

How to Cite

Syed Magfur Ahmad, & Nasruzzaman Naeem. (2020). Adverse Economic Impact by Rohingya Refugees on Bangladesh: Some Way Forwards. International Journal of Social, Political and Economic Research, 7(1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.46291/IJOSPERvol7iss1pp1-14

Issue

Section

Articles